Muslim Perception of Fethullah Gülen and the Hizmet Movement: Accommodating or Hindering Modern Turkey

This chapter examines the transnational Gülen Movement, also known as the Hizmet Movement, one of the most prominent civic movements in Turkey with approximately eight million adherents around the world. This analytical approach is from the perspective of an Islamic studies scholar, focusing and elaborating on the personality of the movement’s namesake, Fethullah Gülen (b. 1941). This chapter examines Gülen’s discourses on themes such as pluralism, interfaith dialogue, tolerance, new understanding of religious terms, and politics. There is also a special emphasis on the critiques of Fethullah Gülen and his movement along with responses to those critiques within the framwork of whether Gülen can be seen as hindering or accommodating democracy in Turkey.