The Mahdī Tradition in Islam: A Social-Cognitive Approach

Muslims believe that the Mahdi is the restorer who will come at the end of time to establish the reign of justice and righteousness. At the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) many messianic ideas were found among the Arabs; even the rise of Islam could have been perceived by some as the fulfilment of a messianic expectation. Those who were expecting a messiah were in fact looking for a guide who